Kailash Mansarovar is located near Mount Kailash, the abode of Lord Shankar. This amazing place is full of mysteries. Mount Kailash is the religious center of the 4 main religions of the world- Hindu, Jain, Buddhist and Sikhism. Let’s know in detail about the journey of Kailash Mansarovar, mystery, history, mythological and scientific beliefs.
Religious beliefs and history:
According to mythological beliefs, this is the city of Kubera. It is from here that the Ganges falls out of Mahavishnu’s curbs and falls on the top of Mount Kailash, where Lord Shiva carries them in his jatas as a pure stream across the earth. Above Mount Kailash is heaven and below is the dead land. Shivapuran, Skanda Purana, Matsya Purana etc. have a different chapter called Kailash Khand, where its glory is praised.
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On the Mount of Kailash, there is the lord Shankara Viraje, above which is heaven and below is the dead land, its outer circumference is 52 km. Mansarovar is a lake surrounded by mountains which is described in the Puranas as ‘Ksheer Sagar’. Kshir Sagar is at a distance of 40 km from Kailash and Vishnu and Lakshmi Virajit are operating the whole world on the rest of the bed. This is the temporary residence of Kshir Sagar Vishnu. The south part of Mount Kailash is considered as sapphire, the east part is crystal, the west is ruby and the north is considered as gold.
This holy place is given the metaphor of the heart of Indian philosophy, reflecting the glimpse of Indian civilization. Kalpavriksha is situated in the sediment of Mount Kailash. According to Buddhists, at its center is a tree, whose therapeutic properties of fruits are capable of treating all kinds of physical and mental diseases.
Tibetans believe that a saint poet there had done austerities by staying in a cave for years. According to the Tibetan Bonpas, the nine-story Swastikas in Kailash are inhabited by Demchouk and Dorje Phangamo. It is considered by Buddhists to be the abode of Lord Buddha and Manipadma. The ‘Demachak’, a supernatural form of the Buddha God located on Kailash, is revered by Buddhists. He also refers to this form of Buddha as ‘Dharmapala’. Buddhists believe that by coming to this place, they attain nirvana. It is also said that Lord Buddha’s mother traveled here.
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Jains believe that this Nirvana place of Adinath Rishabhdev is ‘Ashtapad’. It is said that Rishabhdev traveled to Kailash in eight steps. Followers of Hinduism believe that Mount Kailash is Mount Meru which is the axis of Brahman and it is the main abode of Lord Shankar. Here the right hand of the body of Goddess Sati fell. Therefore, a stone rock is worshiped here as its form. There is a Shaktipeeth here. Some people also believe that Guru Nanak also stopped here and meditated for a few days. Therefore it is also a sacred place for Sikhs.
Scientific recognition of Kailash Mansarovar:
According to scientists, this place is the center of the Earth. On one side of the Earth is the North Pole, then on the other side is the South Pole. The Himalayas is situated in the middle of both. Kailash Parvat and Mansarovar are the centers of the Himalayas. Scientists believe that there used to be seas around the Indian subcontinent. Himalaya was formed by its collision with Russia. The incident occurred an estimated 100 million years ago.
It is also a center called Axis Mundi. Axis mundi means the navel or celestial pole of the world and the center of the geographical pole. It is a point of connection between the heavens and the earth, where ten directions meet. According to Russian scientists, the Axis Mundi is the place where supernatural power flows and you can make contact with those powers.
When scientists from Russia, who have studied the Mount Kailash and its surroundings, met with the religious leaders in temples in Tibet, they told that there is a supernatural power flow around Mount Kailash in which ascetics still make telepathic contact with spiritual gurus even today.
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If you go to the area of Mount Kailash or Lake Manasarovar, you will constantly hear a sound, like an airplane flying somewhere nearby. But on listening carefully, this sound is like the sound of ‘Damru’ or ‘ॐ’. Scientists say that the sound may be that of melting of ice, and it may also be that there is such an interplay between light and sound that the sound of ‘ॐ’ is heard from here.
It is claimed that many times 7 types of lights have been seen flashing in the sky on Mount Kailash. NASA scientists believe that it may be due to the magnetic force here. Here the magnetic force can meet the sky and sometimes create such things.
The Himalayas say that the human remains on the Himalayas. Some call it a brown bear, some a wild human and a snow human. Some scientists consider it a Neanderthal human. More than 30 scientists around the world have claimed that snow humans exist in the snowy areas of the Himalayas. It is also said that musk deer is the world’s rarest antelope around here.
The musk of this antelope has very aromatic and medicinal properties, which is in the form of a substance in the gland of the back of its body.
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What is Mount Kailash?
Mount Kailash is a giant pyramid, the center of 100 small pyramids. The structure of Mount Kailash is similar to the 4 trough points of the compass and is located in a secluded place, where there is no major mountain. Mount Kailash is 22068 feet above sea level and is located in Tibet in the northern region from the Himalayas. Since Tibet is under China, Kailash comes to China. Being surrounded by Manasarovar Lake further enhances the religious importance of Mount Kailash.
There are more imaginative icy mountains around here. For example, the height of some mountains is more than 3500 meters. The height of Mount Kailash is about 22028 feet. 4 rivers originated from 4 directions of this Kailash mountain – Brahmaputra, Indus, Sutlej and Karnali. Ganges, Saraswati and other rivers of China have also emerged from these rivers. In the four directions of Kailash are the faces of different animals from which rivers originate. On the east is Ashwamukh, on the west is the face of the elephant, in the north is the face of the lion, in the south is the face of the peacock.
Yamadwar is near Kailash Mansarovar. It is from here that Kailash touches the place and starts the revolution of Kailashji. The journey starts about 12 km from Yamdwar. Stony and snow-capped mountains are seen on both sides of the deserted path. The river of snow between the two mountains makes its existence felt. The entire circumambulation of Kailash is about 50 kilometers, which the passengers usually complete in three days.
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This circumambulation occurs with the lotus peaks around the Kailash peak. Kailash Shikhar is untouchable. It can be touched only by a straight climb of about two and a half kilometers from the journey. This climb is not possible without specific preparation for mountaineering.
History of Kailash Mansarovar Lake
Mansarovar Lake is spread over an area of about 320 square kilometers. To its north lies Mount Kailash and to the west is Rakshatal Lake. The Sanskrit word Mansarovar is derived from Manas and Sarovar, which literally means ‘Sarovar of the mind’. It is said that Kailash Mansarovar is the lake where Mata Parvati used to bathe and according to belief, she still performs today. Scientists say that it is still a mystery whether these lakes were formed naturally or that they were made so?
However, according to the Puranas, this 300-foot deep sweet water lake situated at an altitude of 17 thousand feet above sea level originated at the pleasure of Lord Shiva from the penance of Bhagiratha. According to the Puranas, Lord Shankar The lake formed by the velocity of water revealed by him, later he got the name ‘Mansarovar’.
According to another belief, Lord Brahma had placed the joyous tears of God the Father in his mandal and established ‘Mansarovar’ at this place like ‘Trishtakam’ (Tibet) heaven on this land. According to the Shakta text, the right hand of Goddess Sati fell at this place, which created this lake. Therefore, a stone rock is worshiped here as its form. Hence it has been considered as one of the 51 Shaktipeeths.
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It is believed that once a person takes a dip in Mansarovar, he can reach ‘Rudralok’. Mansarovar is a lake surrounded by mountains, which is called Puranakar ‘Kshira Sagar’. It is believed that Maharaj Mandhata discovered the Mansarovar lake and did penance on its banks for many years, which is situated in the foothills of these mountains.
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First, Mansarovar which is one of the highest lakes of pure water in the world and is similar in size to the Sun. Secondly, it has an area of about 225 square kilometers, 84 km circumference and 150 feet deep lake called Rakshasa, which is one of the highest saltwater lakes in the world and is similar in size to Chandra. Both these lakes exhibit solar and lunar forces which are related to positive and negative energy. A swastika mark can actually be seen when looking from the south. To the north of these two lakes is Mount Kailash. To its south are the Gurla ranges and the Gurla peak. The land of Kumaon is known as Uttarakhand in the Puranas due to Mansarovar.
The journey starts from Uttarakhand, Himachal, Sikkim and Kathmandu in Nepal. It is safest to go through Nathura Pass in Sikkim. If you are going to Kailash Mansarovar, then you have to be ready to walk 75 kilometers on foot and climb hills. It is important that your body is strong and tolerant of all kinds of environment and fatigue. If traveling through Nathura Pass, then you have to walk only for 10-15 kilometers.
Here the amount of oxygen decreases significantly, due to which headache, trouble in breathing etc. can start. The temperature here goes down to minus 2 centigrade. Therefore it is necessary to have an oxygen cylinder as well. At the same time, a whistle and camphor bag are used for back and forth and when breathing. Keep essential materials, warm clothes etc. and hire horse-pittu according to your physical ability.
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The visit is organized by the foreign ministries of India and China. Here the border is operated by the Kumaon Circle Development Corporation to the Indian border, while the Chinese tourist agency arranges the visit in the Tibetan region. The trek is extremely difficult due to the inaccessible 75 km trek leading to Kailash Mansarovar from Dharchula in Pithoragarh border Uttarakhand bordering international Nepal-Tibet-China.
This holy journey, which lasts about a month, also brings a lot of tough road from October to April, both the lake and the mountains of the region remain snowy. The water of the ponds keeps a solid form. A slight increase in the temperature of the region begins from June. It takes about 28 to 30 days to reach here via Nepal, that is, if there is no disruption, then it takes at least 45 days to reach from home to home again.
To reach Nathula Pass, you can also start the journey by reaching Sikkim directly. The Nathula Pass for the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra was a major movement corridor between India and Tibet which was closed after the 1962 war, but has been reopened by the efforts of the Modi government. At present, this route has been closed again after the Doklam dispute.
The Government of India manages the Mansarovar Yatra by road. You can reach Kathmandu by air and from there you can go to Mansarovar Lake by road. Helicopter facility can also be availed to reach Kailash. From Kathmandu reaching Nepalganj and Nepalganj to Simikot, Hilsa can be reached by helicopter from there.
One can also use landcruisers to reach Mansarovar. ‘China Air’ air service is available from Kathmandu to Lhasa, from where one can travel to Mansarovar by reaching various towns of Tibet- Shingate, Gyantse, Lhatse, Prayag. Go anywhere, you have to walk a few kilometers.
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