Hair Loss-Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Everything

What is Hair Loss?

Hair Loss

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to hair loss from the head or any part of the body. This usually involves scalp hair loss. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. There is usually no swelling or scarring present in it. In some people, the cause of hair loss is psychological distress.
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Everybody’s hair loss every day. Research has shown that a person has 100 hair loss per day. But excessive hair loss can cause bald spots on a person’s head. In the case of a woman, the hair on the top of her head is thin.

Hair loss is not a fatal situation. But it can seriously jeopardize the way it looks, it can endanger confidence. Men, women, and even children can experience hair loss. This condition usually occurs as a result of hormonal changes, heredity, medical conditions or side-effects of some medications. Hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss due to hereditary reasons.

What are the types of hair loss?

Child development rate slows down as people age and it is called Alopecia. There are several types of hair loss:

Informal alopecia

This is the natural thinning of hair with age. There is an increase in the number of hair follicles that enter the resting phase and other hairs become shorter and shorter.

Androgenic alopecia:

Hair Loss

Both men and women can be affected by this genetic condition. Men who have this condition also have hair fall in their teens. This is known as male-pattern baldness. It is characterised by gradual hair fall and hairline from the frontal scalp and scalp. The hair of the women affected by this is thinned after their foretails. This is known as female-pattern baldness and leads to maximum hair loss near the crown.

Alopecia areata

It usually starts suddenly and leads to hair fall in patches in young adults and children. It can be complete balding (alopecia). In more than 90% of people with this condition, hair grows back in a few years.

Trichotillomania

It is most commonly seen in children. Due to this psychological disorder, a person spoils his own hair.

Telogen effluvium

The hair growth cycle changes cause a temporary thinning of hair on the scalp. This is due to a lot of hair entering the resting phase which lightens the hair and becomes thinner as a result.
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Scarring alopecia

This indicates irreversible hair fall. Inflammatory conditions of the skin such as folliculitis, acne, and cellulitis produce results that destroy the hair’s ability to regenerate. Tightly woven hair and hot comb can result in
irreversible hair loss.

What are the symptoms and signs of hair Loss?

  • What are the symptoms and signs of hair fall?
  • Hair thinning
  • Hair thinning and breakage easily

What are the causes of Hair Loss?

Hair fall is most prevalent among those who have a family history of hair loss, genetics play a large role in it. Some hormones also trigger hair fall which usually begins during puberty. Other factors such as traumatic events, surgery and major diseases can also trigger acute hair fall. In this case, hair starts growing after some time.Menopause during pregnancy, sudden birth control pills, delivery and hormonal changes can cause temporary hair loss.

Bald Hair Loss

Sometimes severe medical conditions can also cause hair fall such as scalp infection (herpes), allopacea aurita (autoimmune disorder that damages hair follicles) and thyroid disease. Disorders such as lichen planus and some types of lupus can also cause lichen, which results in hair fall. Hair fall may also begin several times with the use of medicines used to treat heart problems, depression, arthritis, high blood pressure and cancer. Emotional or physical tremors can also exacerbate hair fall such as high fever, excessive weight loss and family death.

Intentional hair-pulling disorder, known as trichotillomania, also affects the individual. It is an impulse control disorder that can be treated with therapy. The affected person can pull hair from his eyelid, eyebrow and scalp. Tying our hair too tightly puts a lot of pressure on the hair which starts to break. This traction is known as hair loss. Consuming less iron and protein in your diet can also cause thin hair.

There are some other reasons through which hair loss occurs

Hormones

Hair may fall due to abnormal androgen levels.

gens

Genes from either parent can increase a person’s chances of having female or male pattern baldness.

Drugs

Hair fall may also occur due to blood thinners, cancer treatment drugs, birth control medications and beta blockers.

Medical predisposition

Diabetes, lupus, iron deficiency, thyroid disease, anemia and eating disorder can cause hair loss. Usually, when the root cause is treated, the hair grows again.
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Cosmetic

Procedures such as the use of permissions, hair dye, bleaching and shampoo can all thin the hair, making it brittle and weak. Tightening hair, using hot curlers or rollers also causes hair loss and damage. However, there is no baldness in them.

Which vitamin deficiency causes hair loss?

Vitamins play an essential role in hair growth. Lack of vitamins can cause many problems related to hair loss. Niacin or vitamin B3 and biotin is another B vitamin, which leads to hair fall. Some evidence suggests that a lack of vitamin D in the body affects hair growth. Research suggests that people with hair fall have lower vitamin D levels than others.

How is hair loss diagnosed?

After consulting the patient about the symptoms and inquiring about the related medical and family history, various tests are done to diagnose the problem of hair loss. Some of them are listed below

  • Physical Hair Pull Test
  • Blood Test
  • Scalp biopsy
  • Light microscopy

How to treat hair loss?

Hair loss solutions can be addressed in several ways. Check with your doctor to determine the nature of your condition before opting for any treatment. Some medicines increase androgen levels to improve hair growth. For more serious cases you can opt for a wig, but in today’s fashion world it is out of place.You can opt for hair weaving or hair bonding treatment, where synthetic hair strands or real hair strands are artificially glued to your scalp. Sometimes it can appear as a takeaway latex skin, and you can use it and comb it like how you use your natural hair. However, these may have limitations.
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For more permanent results, go for a hair transplant. Treatment involves personally pulling out your hair follicles from the dense area of ​​your scalp and implanting them into the area where you experience hair loss. Hair follicles are taken individually or in some cases as a full bandage and sewn surgically into bald spots. These surgical procedures are the most advanced forms of treatment currently available and are more permanent.A hair follicle, once taken, can act like your hair and develop into a strong stand depending on your maintenance.
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Who needs anti-hair loss therapy?

It is not safe to take pills for your hair growth during pregnancy and childbirth. It would be safe to avoid these medicines during those periods. In addition, heart patients and people with high blood pressure may not be suitable for the treatment of hair Loss. Before opting for any treatment, consult your doctor.

Who is not eligible for treatment?

If you are taking hair regrowth pills then some side effects can be felt there as they focus on increasing the androgen level of your body. In some cases, they are not safe for your reproductive organs, and you can choose alternative medicines. As far as hair transplantation is concerned, the skin may appear itchy and red after this procedure. The area where the procedure has been performed can become numb, and these symptoms gradually disappear over a period. Always seek treatment of these hair loss in reputed centers as they may have high safety standards.

What are the side effects of hair loss treatment?

After the treatment of hair loss, you may be asked to rest for a few days. To prevent infection, you may need to wear a surgical hair cap above your head. Usually, the recovery period is very short, and you can return to your normal activities within a few days. In the case of hair weaving, you may have to visit centers occasionally to take care of bonding or to change the style.

Hair Loss and Hair Fall

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After a hair transplant, you may be asked to rest for a few days. To prevent infection, you may need to wear a surgical hair cap above your head. Usually, the recovery period is very short, and you can return to your normal activities within a few days. In the case of hair weaving, you may have to visit centers occasionally to take care of bonding or to change the style.

How long does it take to recover from hair loss treatment?

The recovery period is very short regarding the treatment of hair fall. You can return to your regular duties within a short time. You may be asked to visit in a month for a checkup, and your hair may start growing again after a period of six months. If you are taking pills, there is no recovery time, and you can follow your regular work routine.
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What is the cost of hair loss treatment in India?

The cost of treatment depends on the type of clinic you are undergoing treatment. For hair transplant, the average price starts at one lakh and can go up to 5 lakh for the entire head. Hair weaving and hair ties are relatively cheap and start at Rs 50,000 and can go up to 1 lakh for more advanced hair types. Make sure that you do these treatments in reputed clinics and centers only.
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Are the results of hair loss treatment permanent?

Natural hair oil and Ayurvedic products can be the treatment options for such hair loss. These can be safe on your hair as they do not use any chemical based medicines and do not involve surgery. You can make some lifestyle changes and take strict diets that are high in protein and nutrients required for your hair.

How to stop hair loss?

Studies have shown that the Mediterranean diet is one of the best ways of preventing hair loss. Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of hair fall or slows its onset. Proteins like keratin help rebuild hair follicles. The inclusion of amino acids in the diet helps in hair growth as they act as building blocks.
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What vitamins are good for preventing hair Loss?

Lack of nutrition stops hair fall and vitamin intake is the best way to stop it. The best vitamins are

Vitamin A :
It is the fundamental unit for every cell in the body. As hair is the fastest growing tissue, vitamin A plays an important role in its growth. Vitamin A is found in animal products such as milk, eggs and cod liver oil.

Hair Loss

Vitamin B :
Vitamin B, one of the major vitamins in hair growth, is also called biotins. It helps in the formation of RBCs and carries oxygen, nutrients to the scalp. Vitamin B is found in whole grains, almonds, meat, seafood, green leafy vegetables.

Hair Fall

Vitamin C :
It is a powerful antioxidant that protects against oxidative stress caused by free radicals. A protein called collagen which is important for hair growth. This vitamin helps in absorbing essential minerals for the hair. Citrus fruits like oranges, strawberries, peppers etc. are good for hair growth.
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Vitamin D :
It is a major factor for hair growth which helps in creating new follicles. Vitamin D plays an important role in hair production. Fatty fish, cod liver oil, some mushrooms and fortified foods are good sources of vitamin D.

Hair Loss

What are the home remedies for hair Loss?

Egg white

These are stores of protein, minerals and B-complex which are important for hair. They provide nutrients for hair growth and also strengthen hair. Egg oil whitening is recommended for oily hair as it reduces oil production. It can be mixed with olive oil for faster hair growth.
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Aloe Vera

Hair Fall

It is rich in amino acids and proteolytic enzymes, which are good for hair growth. It can be mixed with castor oil and fenugreek powder for better results.

Gooseberry

Hair Loss

It contains high concentration of antioxidants which increases the regeneration of skin cells. It conditions your scalp, reduces gray hair and increases hair volume. Amla also reduces dandruff, hence makes hair thicker. Vegetable oil, rosemary powder, egg, water and milk can be mixed with amla for better results.
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onion

Hair Fall

It contains dietary sulfur which is the most common mineral required for enzymes and protein production. The antimicrobial properties of onion juice help the scalp fight infection. Antioxidant properties, on the other hand, cancel out free radicals that reduce damage to hair follicles.

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