Why was the battle of Panipat, how did Panipat change India’s history
Although there were many battles in India, but the battle of Panipat has been mentioned in many ways in history. The battle of Panipat was one which changed the history of India. Regarding the battle of Panipat for the throne of Delhi, it is said that if the Indian kings had won in this battle, foreigners would not have established power in India.
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Where was the battle of Panipat
It is known by all that the Mahabharata war took place in Kurukshetra, Haryana. According to the legend, Panipat was one of the five cities established by the Pandava brothers during the Mahabharata. Its historical name is Panduprastha. This Panduprastha later became Panipat, which is located in Haryana. It was here that the historic battle of India took place which changed the history of India.Panipat is the place where many decisive battles were fought over control of North India from the twelfth century onwards. Panipat in present-day Haryana is about 90 km from Delhi.
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Between whom did the three battles of Panipat take place?
The first battle of Panipat took place on 21 April 1526 between the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi and Babur. Babur was an Turk who laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire. Ibrahim was defeated in this battle. Ibrahim Lodi and 15,000 of his soldiers were killed in this battle. This battle ended the Lodi dynasty established by Bahlul Lodi in India and Babur intervened in Delhi and Agra.
Second Battle of Panipat
It took place on 5 November 1556 between Akbar and Emperor Hemachandra Vikramaditya. In this battle Hemachandra fought with full force and he was on the way to victory but in the battle there came a time when the Mughal army shot an arrow in Hemachandra alias Hemu’s eye and he fell unconscious and won in battle. It became the cause of Hemu’s defeat.
Seeing his king at this stage, there was a stampede in the army, taking advantage of which the Mughal army started slaughtering. Seeing this scene Hemu’s army fled, due to which Akbar or Bairam Khan beheaded Hemachandra. After this, Akbar occupied Delhi and Agra.
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It is said that Hemu’s head was sent to Kabul and his torso was hung at a door in Delhi. On the other hand, his supporters built a memorial where Hemu was killed. Even today the Hemu Samadhi Sthal exists at that place.
Hemachandra had won 22 wars against Afghan rebels from Punjab to Bengal (1553–1556) and had his coronation at Purana Qila in Delhi on 7 October 1556, and against the foreigners in North India before the Second Battle of Panipat. Raj ‘was established. Hemchandra captured Delhi by defeating Akbar’s commander Tardi Beg Khan about a month before the battle.
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Third Battle of Panipaat
It was fought in 1761 between the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali and Pune’s Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa. Sadashivrao Bhau had to face defeat in this battle. This defeat was the worst defeat of Marathas in history.
While the first war of Panipat established the foundation of the Mughal Empire, the second war laid the foundation of Akbar’s nearly five-decade-long rule. While the third battle of Panipat opened the way for the victory of the British in India.This means that if there had not been an accident with Hemachandra in Panipat, the country would not have had a Mughal empire and if the Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa had won Ahmad Shah Abdali, the British would not have entered the country, yet the Marathas and Rajputs took a large part of the country. But it retained its hold until the British ruled all over India.
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